The term "temporomandibular disorders" (TMD) refers to a group of clinical issues involving the masticatory (chewing) muscles, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and the dental occlusion. TMD is a prevalent lifestyle disease. It is a crippling condition with symptoms like pain and soreness in the masticatory muscles, noises or clicking sounds made by the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during chewing, pain in the TMJ in front of the ear, limited mouth opening, locking of the jaw, and asymmetric motions of the jaw. A common occurrence and potential early sign of the illness process are clicking sounds coming from the TMJ or internal articular meniscus dislocation. Make an appointment with Smile Journey, Hinjewadi if you have any of these symptoms.
What causes temporomandibular disorders?
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) can be brought on by a variety of circumstances, including congenital or genetic abnormalities, joint infections, systemic inflammatory diseases, severe teeth grinding, and jaw clenching.
How can temporomandibular disorders be treated?
The three primary elements of temporomandibular disorders are as follows. The masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint, and dental occlusion fall under this category.
It's important for all the components to be assessed in a clinical and radiological examination to determine the extent of the problem before your treatment can be recommended and individualised. Since these disorders can be aggravated by stress, tensing of the masticatory muscles, jaw discrepancies, your recommended treatment will depend on your individual needs and might involve your dentist, physiotherapist, orthodontist, maxillofacial surgeon and possibly a psychologist or psychiatrist. Left untreated, your TMD problems may become more severe over time.
Dietary changes, bite plate therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, laser therapy, and botulinum toxin injections into the painful muscles are all common TMD treatments. Rarely is surgery necessary, but it may be necessary for the temporomandibular joint or for orthognathic problems.